, Every 52 years, the Nahuas feared the world would end as the other four creations of their legends had. The red shrine was to Huitzilopochtli, painted to symbolize blood and war. Huitzilopochtli is sometimes identified as the Blue Tezcatlipoca. As the Aztec god of war, Huitzilopochtli was instrumental in their conquest of neighboring groups. Evan Meehan, “Huitzilopochtli,” Mythopedia, accessed , https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/huitzilopochtli/. Huitzilopochtli, as depicted in the Codex Telleriano-Remensis. aunque el término ha sido traducido habitualmente como 'colibrí zurdo' o 'colibrí del sur', existe desacuerdo entorno al significado ya que el, In Nahuatl, as in English, compound nouns are composed of a head, "For six months of the year [the huitzitzilin] is dead, and for six it is alive. It goes from there to breed, and consequently the Indians say that it dies and is reborn. They lived under the ruling of a powerful elite called the "Azteca Chicomoztoca". Huitzilopochtli: The History of the Aztec God of War and Human Sacrifice - Kindle edition by Charles River Editors, Novato, Ernesto. Huitzilopochtli, whose name means ‘left-handed hummingbird’ or ‘southern hummingbird’ was one of the main gods of the Aztec and likely the most prominent. Others theorize that he and the other gods returned to Aztlan together with their favorite priests, kings and warriors. Its importance as the sacred center is reflected in the fact that it was enlarged frontally eleven times during the two hundred years of its existence. After the Spanish conquest, cultivation of amaranth was outlawed, while some of the festivities were subsumed into the Christmas celebration. He was very important because he was the patron god of Tenochtitlan he was blamed for the defeats or praised for the victories. Read, Kay Almere and Jason J. Gonzalez. He was also the national god of the Mexicas, also known as Aztecs, of Tenochtitlan. New York: Cambridge University Press. This celebration day, known as Toxcatl, falls within the fifteenth month of the Mexican calendar. . As noted by the Spaniards during their discovery and conquest of Mexico (wherein they recorded the deity's name as Huichilobos), human sacrifice was common in worship ceremonies, which took place frequently and in numerous temples throughout the region, and when performed they typically sacrificed multiple victims per day at a given temple. During Moctezuma I’s reign, one of Huitzilopochtli’s temples burned down. The god's first shrine was built on a spot where priests found an eagle poised upon a rock and devouring a snake. In the midst of this attack, Huitzilopochtli emerged from his mother’s womb “in full war regalia” and destroyed his brothers and sisters.7. They fasted or ate very little; a statue of the god was made with amaranth (huautli) seeds and honey, and at the end of the month, it was cut into small pieces so everybody could eat a little piece of the god. When he grew up, he confronted Huitzilopochtli, who had to kill him. Meehan, Evan. Huitzilopochtli was born of Earth Mother Coatlicue after she was impregnated with a ball of feathers. His mother, Coatlicue, one day picked up a ball of bright feathers on her way to the temple of the sun god. He was the God of Sun and South. This was one of the more important Aztec festivals, and the people prepared for the whole month. Accessed on . Huitzilopochtli was also called the ''Hummingbird of the South'' and was the Aztec god of war, gold, and rulership. However, Huitzilopochtli was known as the primary god of war in ancient Mexico. 2014 Aztec Archäologie und Ethnohistorie. In Tlacaelel’s religious reforms, the emperor elevated Huitzilopochtli to supreme war god and on par with the three chief gods of the Aztecs at the time: Tezcatlipoca, Tlaloc and Quetzalcoatl. Und eam homs aa af dea Roas de moastn Bresln zfadaunga ghobt. According to the Aubin Codex, the Aztecs originally came from a place called Aztlán. Wikipedia contributors. Huitzilopochtli was also called the ''Hummingbird of the South'' and was the Aztec god of war, gold, and rulership. Some have argued that the foundation myth of Tenochtitlan offered insight into Huitzilopochtli’s status as newer member of the Aztec pantheon. Huitzilopochtli, Hummingbird of the South, (or Hummingbird of the Left) is the central deity of the Mexica. In Aztec mythology Huitzilopochtli was the son of Omecίhuatl and Ometecuhtli, respectively, the female and male aspects of the androgynous primordial god Ometeotl. And, as I have said, when it feels that winter is coming, it goes to a perennial, leafy tree and with its natural instinct seeks out a crack. Hello Huitzilopochtli worshippers! In Aztec religion, Huitzilopochtli a Mesoamerican deity of war, sun, human sacrifice and the patron of the city of Tenochtitlan. His mother and father instructed him and Quetzalcoatl to bring order to the world. His older brothers included Xipe Totec (god of agriculture, rebirth, and goldsmiths), Tezcatlipoca (omnipresent god of the night sky and knower of all thoughts), and Quetzalcoatl (god of the wind, giver of maize, and inventor of books and calendars). He was the son of Coatlicue and brother of the southern star gods. Originally he was of little importance to the Nahuas, but after the rise of the Aztecs, Tlacaelel reformed their religion and put Huitzilopochtli at the same level as Quetzalcoatl, Tlaloc, and Tezcatlipoca, making him a solar god. Huitzilopochtli was the patron god of Tenochtitlan, which was were Mexico City sits today. According to one well-known Aztec myth, Huitzilopochtli was the son of Coatlicue (meaning ‘She of the Serpent Skirt’), a primordial earth goddess. Los Angeles: Getty Publishing, 2010. Many in the pantheon of deities of the Aztecs were inclined to have a fondness for a particular aspect of warfare. People decorated their homes and trees with paper flags; there were ritual races, processions, dances, songs, prayers, and finally human sacrifices. Fallen warriors and women who died in childbirth were thought to become a part of his retinue. Huitzilopochtli — Huitzilopochtli, está descrito en el Códice Telleriano Remensis … Wikipedia Español. He was also the national god of the Mexicas of Tenochtitlan. Huitzilopochtli: The History of the Aztec God of War and Human Sacrifice: Amazon.de: Charles River Editors, Novato, Ernesto: Fremdsprachige Bücher Some years after the Spanish conquest of Mexico, a body of the Franciscans confronted the remaining Aztec priesthood and demanded, under threat of death, that they desist from this traditional practice. He wielded a shield, war darts, and Xiuhcoatl (a lightning-like fire serpent) as a spear. Some say Huitzilopochtli did not aid his people as he was busy protecting the sun against the assault of the star gods. Kay Almere Read and Jason J. Gonzalez, Handbook of Mesoamerican Mythology (Oxford: ABC-CLIO, 2000), 193–194. He writes, "It appears to be dead, but at the advent of spring, ... the little bird is reborn. [u̯itsilopɔtʃtli; aztekisch »Kolibri zur Linken«], Stammesgott, Beschützer und Leitfigur der Azteken, gleichzeitig Kriegs und Sonnengott, erscheint oft als Kolibri und als jugendlicher Kämpfer mit Federschmuck. It is unclear how many of these parallels were coincidental and how many were the direct result of the Spanish grafting Christianity onto Aztec mythology. Mythopedia. Accessed June 19, 2019. https://www.jstor.org/stable/982343. Transaktionen der American Philosophical Society 79 (2): 1-107. Huitzilopochtli was the patron god of the Mexica tribe.  This drama of sacrificial dismemberment was vividly repeated in some of the offerings found around the Coyolxauhqui stone in which the decapitated skulls of young women were placed. Together, Huitzilopochtli and Quetzalcoatl created fire, the first male and female humans, the Earth, and the Sun. While Huitzilopochtli was an undeniably significant deity within Aztec mythology, some sc… The blue shrine was to Tlaloc and represented the rainy season and the summer solstice. Through this, Huitzilopochtli replaced Nanahuatzin, the solar god from the Nahua legend.  Both versions tell of the origin of human sacrifice at the sacred place, Coatepec, during the rise of the Aztec nation and at the foundation of Tenochtitlan.. Although the shrines were next to each other, Huitzilopochtli's was toward the south side. (n.d.). Offended by the nature of their mother’s pregnancy they either killed her, attempted to kill her, or attempted to kill the unborn Huitzilopochtli, depending on the version of the myth being told. According to the Codex Ramirez, during a stopover near a place called Coatepec (Serpent Hill) “Quatlique [the goddess Coatlicue] who was a virgin, took a small quantity of white feathers and placed them in her bosom, from which she conceived without having known man, and there was born of her Vchilogos [an alternative name for Huitzilopochtli].”6 Outraged by the nature of her mother’s pregnancy, Coyolxauhqui led 400 of her brothers in an attack on Coatlicue. 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