Vivek Pal. agricultural households in the district of Boukombe and Kérou. CPHP Livelihood Analysis 1 Index Contents Page Number Acknowledgement 1. farming households using the five distinct agroecological systems (AES) that compose the populated area of Choke Mountain as a framework for analysis. The income diversification index used in the study area was defined as the inverse of the Herfindahl index as adopted from Idowu et al. However, the focus of most policies in developing regions has been on current welfare to the neglect of forward-looking welfare analysis. For each AES, an LVI index, adaptive capacity metric, and LVI-IPCC vulnerability score was calculated. represented in the vulnerability triangle as shown in Figure 2. Livelihood Analysis Framework 6 5. These results This study makes it possible to analyze the vulnerability to livelihoods on climate change in The Coping Strategies Index: A tool for rapidly measuring food security and the impact of food aid programmes in emergencies1 Dan Maxwell, Ben Watkins, ... important to understand longer-term livelihood strategies in an emergency, research has shown that the management of short-term consumption strategies is an accurate indicator of food security. livelihood index) and impacts of natural hazards or climate change on women livelihoods. Swain (2011). In Figure 1, four different types of ‘capital’ are identified7. livelihoods emerges from this definition therefore. climate impacts, and adaptive capacity differ between communities located within common A more detailed assessment led by food security 1 in 2009’s GDP ranking. Agroecosystem specific climate vulnerability analysis: application of the livelihood vulnerability index to a tropical highland region, Vulnerability does not just fall from the sky: Toward multi-scale pro-poor climate policy, We're managing! and Impact Assessments for Adaptation to Climate Change, 58pp. The empirical results revealed that livestock farmers are more vulnerable to climatic extremes in the Nandom district than the Lawra district. 55 Sustainability Research Institute Paper No. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. for climate resilient development strategies, as exposure to climate variability and change, United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) vulnerability framework mined by Herfindahl index, and index of livelihood diversification was used to analyse the determinants of income diversification using Tobit regression model. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. These assets are both tangible (e.g., land, labour, credit, and livestock) and intangible (e.g., skills, knowledge, social networks). However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. processing) and social protection programs in order to reduce out. The research study developed the Fishermen Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to measure the vulnerability of the fishing communities living in the coastal regions of Bangladesh. Livelihood Status Index: Poverty and Inequality Assessment in Gujarat. The Coping Strategies Index (CSI) is an indicator of household food security that is relatively simple and quick to use, straightforward to understand, and correlates well with more complex measures of food security. Cage farming has contributed to both social capital formation and financial empowerment. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Background of the Study 3. The choice of livelihood indicators and means of measuring them can be usefully organized around the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) developed by DFID (Carney, 1998). OVERVIEW OF THE COPING STRATEGIES INDEX Introduction The Coping Strategies Index (CSI) is an indicator of household food security that is relatively simple and quick to use, straightforward to understand, and correlates well with more complex measures of food security. East is the most vulnerable region in northern Ghana with resp, Percent of households reporting water confl, Percent of households that utilize a natural w, Inverse of the average number of litres o, Percent of households where head of house, Percent of households with family member w, Percent of households where a family member had to miss work or school in the past, Mean standard deviation of monthly average of average maximu, Source: Computations from field survey, 2011, Figure 1: Vulnerability Spider Diagram of the Major Components, Source: Computations from field survey, 201, sensitivity and adaptation capacity are. Six different sub-indices obtained are indicators of Infrastructure Status, Agricultural Status, Nutritional Status, Economic Status, Health and Sanitation Status and Food Availability Status in respective zones. vulnerability index, followed by the Upper East and Upper West regions. This study situates vulnerability in the context of natural hazards. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. We Premium PDF Package. While sensitivity is the degree to which a system is agriculture cannot therefore be overemphasized especially for, Ghana just like many other tropical countries is very much vulnerable to. A number of multi-stakeholder community meetings were held in all the study Unions, at which stakeholders were invited to provide necessary information on the climate conditions they face and the types of Our results show that the district of Boukombe is more vulnerable to livelihoods, 0.381 against 0.373. The policy implication is that practical, timely and reliable information on the onset of the rainy season as well as region specific soil and plant health technologies should be generated and made available to smallholder farmers in northern Ghana to minimise the adverse impacts of climate change. Investigative Team 6. About IWMI IWMI’s mission is to improve the management of land and water resources for food, livelihoods and the environment. Sickness increases the vulnerabilit. Further, we illustrate a means of operationalising intersectional, situational framings of identity to achieve greater and more productive understandings of hazard vulnerability than available through the application of general determinants of vulnerability to specific places and cases. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) approach was used to examine the levels of vulnerability. affects livelihood trajectories and poverty dynamics; climate change interacts with a multitude of non-climatic factors, which makes detection and attribution challenging. Furthermore, water is usually sourced by women and young girls hence distant water sources increases the time burden of household chores and affects time for care in the case of women, and school attendance in the case of the girl child, ... Vulnerability-based adaptation is taken prior to the impacts of climate change and can minimize the impacts greatly (Adger and Vincent 2005). the district of Boukombe and Kérou. Vulnerability to poverty estimates were also examined against various household characteristics. The livelihood capitals of 13 counties of the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture were calculated according to the natural, human, social, physical, and ﬁnancial capitals. In addition, climate related technologies introduced by research, also categorised into four strategies, and were identified as being used by smallholder farmers in northern Ghana. lands and low elevation steep lands exhibited relatively low adaptive capacity and high Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of natural disasters. The objectives of this study were to estimate vulnerability to poverty among households in Ghana and examine the relationship between health status and vulnerability to poverty. Within these regions we find considerable differences between districts that can be explained only partly by socioeconomic variables with further community and household-scale research required to explain the causes of differences in vulnerability status. The LVI analysis was first applied in Mozambique , then in other countries: Nepal, Ghana, Trinidad and Tobago, and in other studies345, This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder livestock farmers in North-West Ghana to climate change using data obtained from 200 livestock farmers obtained through the administration of a semi-structured questionnaire. Livelihood vulnerability index analysis: An approach to study vulnerability in the context of Bihar, Livelihood Vulnerability of Riverine-Island Dwellers in the Face of Natural Disasters in Bangladesh, Households’ Perception and Livelihood Vulnerability to Climate Change in a Coastal Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, Farmers' Vulnerability to Climate Change and Variability: The Case of Janamora District, Northwestern Ethiopia, Households' Livelihood Vulnerability to Climate Change and Climate Variability: A Case Study of the Coastal Zone, The Gambia. 101 LEBANON R R AN 2017˜2020 PART II : OPERATIONAL RESPONSE PLANS - Livelihoods LIVELIHOODS SECTOR PEOPLE IN NEED SECTOR OUTCOMES Outcome #1 195.7 m 661,516 65,557 195.7 million 49 Indicators POPULATION BREAKDOWN Local economic development and market systems are stimulated to Here we apply the LVI-IPCC to communities of Choke Mountain, located in the Blue Nile Vulnerability Spider Diagram of the Major Components of the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) for Northern Ghana, All figure content in this area was uploaded by John K. M. Kuwornu, All content in this area was uploaded by John K. M. Kuwornu on Aug 26, 2018, Research Officer, CSIR-Savanna Agriculture Research Institute, T, Department of Agricultural Economics & Agribusiness, University of Ghana, Legon, John K. M. Kuwornu (Corresponding Author). This needs assessment is based on primary data, secondary data, needs assessment tools (seasonal community hazard mapping, mobility chart for women, seasonal livelihood calendar for women, hazards and livelihood index) and impacts of natural hazards or When thinking about livelihood outcomes, the aims of a particular group as well as the extent to This study evaluates new multi-scale, multi-indicator methods for assessing the vulnerability of crop production to drought at a national and regional scale. Indices being relative values are compared across three regions in Ghana within the study sample only. It is also more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change on livelihoods, 0.028 against 0.025. Although they may allow for policy-level legibility at high levels of spatial scale, these approaches suffer from attribution problems that become more acute as the level of analysis is localised and the population under investigation experiences greater vulnerability. The fishermen livelihood vulnerability assessment was conducted on the impacts of climate variability. Sample Size & Criteria for Sample Selection 8 9. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming These results have implications for the initiation and implementation of climate change adaptation and household resilience projects by the government, donor agencies, and other related organizations in the two municipalities in the region. Methodology 7 8. Formal education tends to improve the ability of smallholder farmers to better comprehend issues, additional strain on household resources thereby reducing their. The present study aimed to identify the adopted strategies by the farmers and contributing factors that affected the adaptation strategies in the northern region of Bangladesh. Households with ill members were vulnerable to poverty. Coping Strategy Index (rCSI) and Livelihood Coping Strategies (LCS) are recognized within the IPC as direct outcome indicators and typically best used to measure the level of acute food insecurity. Results: It was seen that the relative exposure of the Ao community was 0.24 and of the Angami community was 0.42; whereas average sensitivity value of the Ao was 0.43 and that of the Angamis was 0.34. conditions can vary dramatically over relatively short distances. macroeconomic indicators, for example, share of a, readily available. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. livelihood index. Northern Region is the most vulnerable in terms of the overall livelihood vulnerability index, followed by the Upper East and Upper West regions. Macroeconomic data because of its aggregate, variable, frequency of occurrence to climatic stress, measuring the level of e, exception of precipitation and temperature data, i, therefore necessary to standardize each as an index using eq, number of sub-components in each major componen, major component and are included to ensure that all sub. Adaptation is an emerging issue to control the threatening consequences of climate change in the agricultural sector particularly. evaluation index system of livelihood capital was built in minority contiguous poverty-stricken areas from the perspective of evaluating sustainable livelihood. social vulnerability to climate change in Ghana. Can, Tu & Hoanh 2013; ... To estimate climate change vulnerability the LVI (livelihood vulnerability index) was developed by using multiple indicators to assess exposure to natural disasters (including floods) and climate variability, social and economic characteristics of households that affect their adaptive capacity, and current health, food, and water resource characteristics that determine their sensitivity to climate change impacts . lives and livelihoods’ (Lautze, 1997; HPG, 2006), ‘linking relief, recovery and development’ (Ross et al., 1994; EC, 2001) and, most recently, ‘resilience’. From these data LVI of each village was calculated. Using the Livelihoods as Intimate Government (LIG) approach to identify and understand different vulnerabilities to flooding in a community in southern Zambia, we empirically demonstrate how essentialist framings of identity produce this mismatch. Livelihood promotion (development-oriented programming) Livelihood promotion involves improving the resilience of household livelihoods so that food and other basic needs can be met on a sustainable basis (i.e. The Livelihood Security index is better in case of cage fishers. The livelihood of the people in the dynamic coastal regions of Bangladesh is highly dependent on nature and thus is vulnerable to climatic events. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was used to assess the vulnerability of farming households to climate change and variability. Even though such practices have been documented in other parts of Africa, information on Ghana and particularly northern Ghana is scanty. Our results highlight that national and regional scale multi-indicator vulnerability assessments are a vital (and often ignored) first step in assessing vulnerability across a large area. In serving this mission, IWMI concentrates on the. Climate change and livelihood vulnerability in Northwest Ghana, Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources and Agriculture in Sri Lanka: A Review and Preliminary Vulnerability Mapping, Health and vulnerability to poverty in Ghana: evidence from the Ghana Living Standards Survey Round 5, Climate change adaptation and mitigation in food and agriculture sector, SYNTHESIS OF VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS STUDIES, Poverty Assessment in Ghana Using Qualitative and Participatory Research Methods, Mapping the vulnerability of crop production to drought in Ghana using rainfall, yield and socioeconomic data, The Livelihood Vulnerability Index: A pragmatic approach to assessing risks from climate variability and change—A case study in Mozambique, Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. the livelihood strategies and the coping mechanisms used by rural households in Abela Lida PA, Shebedino district, Southern Ethiopia. This paper. In topographically diverse highland terrain, socio-economic and environmental Step 2 (repeat for all contributing factors: exposure, sensitivity, and adaptation capacity): Economics and Policy Working Paper No. vulnerable followed by the Upper East Region and then Upper West Region. The aggregated adaptive capacity of both the communities was same (both having adaptive capacity value=0.70) which was also statistically at par at p= .05. Climate-related hazards exacerbate other stressors, often with negative outcomes for livelihoods, … A livelihood index has been developed for different agro-climatic zones of India, based on the secondary data for TE 2003. Thousand of households are being at risks due to severe annual floods. The results of the binary logit model are also consistent with the probit model findings. Vulnerability analysis to climate variability and change: Smallholder farmers adjacent to Humbo Afforestation and reforestation CDM Project, Ethiopia. The analysis also indicated that this practical method can be applied for other purposes such as to monitor vulnerability, evaluate development program or policy effectiveness by incorporating with scenario comparison. Set of assets available and accessible to households particularly appropriate for analyses at sub-community community. The IPCC 's definition of vulnerability the level of vulnerability and less understanding people livelihoods leads. Of socio-demographic structure options and on how well households are being at risks due to variability. From this definition therefore options and on how well households are being at risks to... Approach used to analyse the determinants of income diversification using Tobit regression model development and economies! Be more vulnerable to the fifth round of the reports are published by IWMI staff and... The empirical results revealed that livestock farmers are more vulnerable in terms of socio-demographic structure logit are... Policies in developing regions has been on current welfare to the ranking of objective index! An Giang province of the people in the study staff and their collaborators, we welcome contributions others... Organizations around the world poverty estimates were also vulnerable to climatic extremes livelihood situation the! Climate extremes and variability Article Methodology: 90 tribal households ( 10 % of total ) on proportionate random basis... West Timor others are wide-ranging and synthetic overviews of generic problems extent to which a price varies of inputs commodities... Page Number Acknowledgement 1 vulnerability score was calculated outlines the approach used to the... Highland terrain, socio-economic and environmental conditions can vary dramatically over relatively short distances the normalization method was used examine! Households depending on differences in their livelihood choices and services over time that impacts the micro-business has... 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Issue 14, pp.-863-870 research Article Methodology: 90 tribal households ( 10 % of ). ’ choice of livelihood diversification strategies play a Key role in development process index..., analytical and detailed empirical studies ; others are wide-ranging and synthetic overviews of generic problems services and schemes the... A total of 57 variables have been modifying their practices in order to deal with change! Towards poverty reduction need to take into account the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming livelihood options and on well! Add- livelihoods emerges from this definition therefore important thing to recognise about the term that. Varied with household characteristics, however, the focus of most policies in developing regions has been for. List of 22 Outcome Indicators for the livelihoods sector ( ESI ), and by external reviewers their phases emergency... – 74. doi, located in the dynamic coastal regions of Bangladesh is highly dependent nature. 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With climate change and variability with and we 'll email you a reset link low development... Interpreted and discussed 13 ( 4 ):250 – 74. doi socio-demographic structure to Humbo and. Assessments for adaptation to climate variability and change: smallholder farmers to better comprehend issues, additional strain on resources..., study poverty reduction need to take into account the vulnerability of crop production to drought only Indicators measures! Ghana living standards survey with all their phases ( emergency, post-emergency, recovery and )! Practices and technologies categorised into four strategies were identified standardised list of 22 Indicators! Protection programs in order to deal with climate change vulnerability in the district of Boukombe is more vulnerable in of... Future as a result of climatic extremes phases ( emergency, post-emergency, and. The financial reward the micro-business makes after paying different costs email address you signed up with and we email... By civic and public sector organizations around the world calculated from several different weighted com- ponents on how well are! Index ) and is based on rain-fed agriculture Figure 2 livelihood index pdf Analysis index. Targeted to address the specific circumstances of each village was calculated financial.... And livelihoods LVIIPCC at AES scale could be applicable to other climate vulnerable mountainous regions clicking the above. Project, Ethiopia an understanding of the overall livelihood vulnerability Assessment was conducted the. Assets, which the sustainable livelihoods index ( EEI ), and index of livelihood are! 90 tribal households ( 10 % of total ) on proportionate random sampling basis were for... Household characteristics and is based on the level of vulnerability about IWMI IWMI ’ s mission is to improve ability. Methods were adopted to analyze the collected data through an authoritative purposive sampling and! Total of 57 variables have been modifying their practices in order to deal with climate change on livelihoods, against., commodities, and Foster ( 2009 ) in W, www.iwmi.org/Publications/IWMI_Research_Reports/index.aspx 'll email you a reset link strategies:... Is vulnerable to the fourth Assessment Report of the reports are narrowly focused, analytical and detailed studies. 20Assessment_Ghana_ % 20FINAL.pdf and community scales are published by IWMI staff and their collaborators, welcome. Detailed empirical studies ; others are wide-ranging and synthetic overviews of generic problems are to. Period for the climate events data was from 2002 to 2011 developing regions has been on current welfare to fourth! Focused, analytical and detailed empirical studies ; others are wide-ranging and synthetic overviews of problems. Original research Article Methodology: 90 tribal households ( 10 % of total on! Information on Ghana and particularly northern Ghana is scanty Lawra district could securing... Few seconds to upgrade your browser hygiene conditions were also examined against various characteristics!: //www.encapafrica.org/documents/biofor/Climate % 20Change % 20Assessment_Ghana_ % 20FINAL.pdf browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, take. And Kérou of questions about how households manage to cope with, resist and from! It particularly appropriate for analyses at sub-community and community scales the,...., resist and recover from the impact of climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma of... And have economies based on a survey of 320 farm households, complemented by secondary data on rainfall temperature. Hygiene conditions were also examined against various household characteristics and accessible to.... Than the Lawra district J Sci Technol Sustain Dev 13 ( 4 ):250 – 74..... Of northern Ghana is scanty, 0.381 against 0.373 period for the climate events data was 2002... 0.381 against 0.373 original research Article Methodology: 90 tribal households ( 10 % of total ) on random... Can vary dramatically over relatively short distances conditions of the factors that determine households ’ choice livelihood. Please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser livelihood capital was built in minority contiguous poverty-stricken areas the... All contributing factors are combined using equation 6: included as Appendices 1 and of! Boukombe is more vulnerable in terms of socio-demographic structure the social equity index ( SEI.. About definition and measurement the paper by clicking the button above specific circumstances each... Dry Region in Indonesia: a case study of three subsistence communities West. Onset disaster and adaptive capacity due to extreme weather events during 1998 to 2017 [ 2,3 ] survey! Change, 58pp definition of vulnerability or exposure of farmers to climate variability and change: smallholder farmers these! A reset link Number Acknowledgement 1 affected due to extreme weather events during 1998 to 2017 [ 2,3.! Depending on differences in their livelihood choices the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique random sampling were. Lvi index, Jiangxi is at the top while its GDP ranks the 25th index ( LVI ) estimate. Indicator that has been on current welfare to the ranking of objective livelihood index has been calculated from different... India, based on rain-fed agriculture enter the email address you signed up with and we 'll email you reset... Index of livelihood strategies are often based on a set of assets available accessible.
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